This was 304th day of the year and 61 days remained in the year.

October 31 Birthdays

Chiang Kai-shek
1887–1975, Chinese Nationalist leader. He was also called Chiang Chung-cheng.

Jan Vermeer
painter (1632)

John Keats
poet (1795)

Juliette Gordon Low
founder of the Girl Scouts of America (1860)

Dale Evans
actor and singer (1912)

Barbara Bel Geddes
actress (1922)

Michael Collins
astronaut (1930)

Dan Rather
television journalist, writer (1931)

Michael Landon
actor (1936)

Jane Pauley
TV journalist (1950)

John Candy
actor (1950)

Peter Jackson
director (1961)

October 31 in History


Martin Luther posted the 95 Theses on the door of the Wittenberg Palace church, marking the start of the Protestant Reformation in Germany.


A heavy snowfall trapped the Donner Party in the Sierra Nevada mountains.


Nevada became the 36th state.


Work on the Mount Rushmore monument was completed.


Rear Admiral G. J. Dufek became the first person to land an airplane at the South Pole.


Indian prime minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated.


Pope John Paul II admitted that the Roman Catholic Church had erred in convicting Galileo of heresy 350 years earlier.

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Note: Dates in the Islamic calendar are provided for planning purposes only, and calculated with the hdate Islamic calendar program for moonrise in Boston, Masschusetts. Depending on your location and other factors, this result may differ from actual religious observances by one day. Please consult your local religious authority for any religious determinations of hejiric date.