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This was 193rd day of the year and 172 days remained in the year.

July 12 Birthdays

Henry David Thoreau
1817–62, American author and naturalist, born in Concord, Massachusetts, graduate of Harvard, 1837.

Josiah Wedgwood
potter (1730)

George Eastman
inventor, industrialist (1854)

Amedeo Modigliani
painter (1884)

Oscar Hammerstein, 2d
lyricist (1895)

Pablo Neruda
poet, diplomat (1904)

Andrew Wyeth
painter (1917)

Bill Cosby
comedian (1937)

Kristi Yamaguchi
figure skater (1971)

Malala Yousafzai
peace activist (1997)

July 12 in History


England's King Henry VIII married his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr.


Protestant William of Orange defeated Roman Catholic James II at the Battle of the Boyne in Ireland.


Congress authorized the Medal of Honor.


The first Etch-A-Sketch went on sale.


Kiribati, formerly the Gilbert Islands, gained its independence from the United Kingdom.


Democratic presidential nominee Walter Mondale became the first major-party candidate to choose a woman as a running mate when he announced his choice of Geraldine Ferraro.

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Note: Dates in the Islamic calendar are provided for planning purposes only, and calculated with the hdate Islamic calendar program for moonrise in Boston, Masschusetts. Depending on your location and other factors, this result may differ from actual religious observances by one day. Please consult your local religious authority for any religious determinations of hejiric date.