This was 293rd day of the year and 73 days remained in the year.

October 19 Birthdays

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar
1910—1995 , American astrophysicist, born. Lahore, India (now Pakistan).

Thomas Browne
author and physician (1605)

Edmund Beecher Wilson
zoologist (1856)

Mordecai "Three Finger" Brown
baseball player (1876)

Lewis Mumford
social philosopher (1895)

Jack Anderson
newspaper columnist (1922)

John le Carré
novelist (1931)

John Lithgow
actor (1945)

Philip Pullman
writer (1946)

Evander Holyfield
boxer (1962)

October 19 in History


British General Cornwallis surrendered to General George Washington at Yorktown, Va., bringing an end to the last major battle of the American Revolution.


French troops under Napoleon Bonaparte began their retreat from Moscow.


The United States imposes a partial embargo on goods exported to Cuba.


The Senate passed a bill (78–22) making Martin Luther King, Jr.'s, birthday a public holiday.


The stock market crashed on what came to be known as "Black Monday." Stocks dropped a record 508 points, or 22.6%, topping the drops on October 28 and 29 in 1929 that ushered in the Great Depression.

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Note: Dates in the Islamic calendar are provided for planning purposes only, and calculated with the hdate Islamic calendar program for moonrise in Boston, Masschusetts. Depending on your location and other factors, this result may differ from actual religious observances by one day. Please consult your local religious authority for any religious determinations of hejiric date.