This was 366th day of the year and 0 days remained in the year.

December 31 Birthdays

Henri Matisse
Pronunciation: [äNrE´ mätEs´]

1869–1954, French Artist.

Jacques Cartier
explorer (1491)

Charles Cornwallis
general (1738)

Elizabeth Arden
beautician, business executive (1878)

George C. Marshall
general and cabinet member (1880)

Simon Wiesenthal
writer, activist (1908)

Anthony Hopkins
actor (1937)

John Denver
entertainer (1943)

Ben Kingsley
actor (1943)

Connie Willis
writer (1945)

Gong Li
actor (1965)

December 31 in History


Thomas Edison gave the first public demonstration of an electric incandescent lamp.


The first breath test for drivers, "drunkometer," was introduced in Indianapolis.


President Truman officially proclaimed the end of hostilities in World War II.


The Marshall Plan expired after distributing more than $12 billion in foreign aid.


Central African Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland was formally dissolved.


The al-Fatah guerrillas of Yasser Arafat launched their first terrorist raid on Israel.


Robert Mugabe sworn in as Zimbabwe's president.

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Note: Dates in the Islamic calendar are provided for planning purposes only, and calculated with the hdate Islamic calendar program for moonrise in Boston, Masschusetts. Depending on your location and other factors, this result may differ from actual religious observances by one day. Please consult your local religious authority for any religious determinations of hejiric date.