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Performing Arts—Selected Data, 1985–2006

Item 1985 1990 1995 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
Legitimate theater:1                    
 Broadway shows:                    
  New productions 33 40 33 37 28 37 36 39 39 39
  Attendance (mil.) 7.3 8 9 11.4 11.9 11.0 11.4 11.6 11.5 12
  Playing weeks2, 3 1,078 1,070 1,120 1,464 1,484 1,434 1,544 1,451 1,494 1,501
  Gross ticket sales 209 282 406 603 666 643 721 771 769 862
 Broadway road tours:11                    
 Attendance (mil.) 8.2 11.1 15.6 11.7 11 11.7 12.4 12.9 18.2 17.1
 Playing weeks 993 944 1,242 888 823 863 877 1,060 1,389 1,377
 Gross ticket sales 226 367 701 572 541 593 642 714 934 915
Nonprofit professional theatres:4                    
 Companies reporting12 217 185 215 262 363 1,146 1,274 1,477 1,490 n.a.
 Gross income 234.7 307.6 444.4 791 961.1 1,436.0 1,481.0 1,570.8 1,646.6 n.a.
  Earned income 146.1 188.4 281.2 466 554.5 761.0 787.0 856.2 845.0 n.a.
  Contributed income 88.6 119.2 163.1 325 406.6 675.0 694.0 714.6 801.6 n.a.
 Gross expenses 239.3 306.3 444.9 708 923.6 1,405.0 1,476.0 1,464.4 1,529.8 n.a.
 Productions 2,710 2,265 2,646 3,241 4,787 10,000 13,000 11,000 12,000 n.a.
 Performances 52,341 46,131 56,608 66,123 81,828 157,000 170,000 169,000 169,000 n.a.
 Total attendance (mil.) 14.2 15.2 18.6 22 21.1 32.2 34.3 32.1 32.5 n.a.
OPERA America professional member companies:5                    
 Number of companies reporting6 97 98 88 98 96 86 89 95 93 n.a.
 Expenses6 216.4 321.2 435 636.7 685.1 684.4 691.6 677.9 754.5 n.a.
 Performances7 1,909 2,336 2,251 2,153 2,031 1,868.0 1,730 1,946 2,097 n.a.
 Total attendance (mil.)7, 8 6.7 7.5 6.5 6.7 6.5 4.9 5.9 5.1 5.1 n.a
 Main season attendance (mil.)7, 9 3.3 4.1 3.9 4.3 4.2 3.2 3.1 3.4 3.3 n.a.
Symphony orchestras:10                    
 Concerts 19,573 18,931 29,328 33,154 36,437 37,118 38,182 37,263 n.a. n.a.
 Attendance (mil.) 24 24.7 30.9 31.7 31.5 30.3 27.8 27.7 n.a. n.a.
 Gross revenue 252.4 377.5 536.2 734 774.7 763.6 781.2 826.8 n.a. n.a.
 Operating expenses 426.1 621.7 858.8 1,126.30 1,285.90 1,311.9 1,314.8 1,482.6 n.a. n.a.
 Support 188.1 257.8 351 521 559.6 580.0 575.7 639.4 n.a. n.a.
1. Source: The League of American Theaters and Producers, Inc, New York, NY. For season ending in year shown.
2. All shows (new productions and holdovers from previous seasons).
3. Eight performances constitute one playing week.
4. Source: Theatre Communications Group, New York, NY. For years ending on or prior to Aug. 31.
5. Source: OPERAAmerica, Washington, DC. For years ending on or prior to Aug 31.
6. United States companies.
7. Prior to 1993 and for 1999, United States and Canadian companies; 1993 to 1998, U.S. companies only.
8. Includes educational performances, outreach, etc.
9. For paid performances.
10. Source: American Symphony Orchestra League, Inc., New York, NY. For years ending Aug. 31. Prior to 1995 represents 254 U.S. orchestras; beginning 1995, represents all U.S. orchestras, excluding college/university and youth orchestras. Also, beginning 1995, data based on 1,200 orchestras.
11. North American Tours include U.S. and Canadian companies.
12. Beginning in 2002, nonprofit theatre data is based on survey responses and extrapolated data from IRS Form 990.
Source: Compiled from sources listed in footnotes. From Statistical Abstract of the United States, 2008.

Information Please® Database, © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Expenditure per Consumer Unit for Entertainment and Reading Miscellaneous Adult Participation in Selected Leisure Activities by Frequency, 2005

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