| Share
 

Willis Haviland Carrier

air conditioning pioneer
Born: 11/26/1876
Birthplace: Angola, N.Y.

Carrier grew up on his father's farm on the New York shore of Lake Erie. In 1895 he received a scholarship to Cornell University, but nonetheless he was forced to work at odd jobs to meet his expenses. Carrier earned a master's degree in electrical engineering in 1901. He accepted a job as an engineer at the Buffalo Forge Company, designing heating systems to dry lumber and coffee.

Carrier soon developed a better way to measure the capacity of heating systems and was named director of the company's experimental engineering department. Improving on existing air conditioning technology, in 1902 Carrier devised a system to control heat and humidity for the Sackett-Wilhelms Lithographing and Publishing Company in Brooklyn. The firm had been unable to print reliable colors at times because of the effects of heat and humidity on paper and ink. In 1906 Carrier received a patent for his method.

In 1915 Carrier and six friends formed the Carrier Engineering Company with an investment of $32,600. The company pioneered the design and manufacture of refrigeration machines to cool large spaces. By increasing industrial production in the summer months, air conditioning revolutionized American life. The introduction of residential air conditioning in the 1920s helped start the great migration to the Sunbelt. In 2000 the Carrier Corporation had sales of more than $8 billion and employed some 45,000 people.

Died: 10/9/1950

Information Please® Database, © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

More on Willis Haviland Carrier from Infoplease:

  • Willis Haviland Carrier - Willis Haviland Carrier Born: 1876 Birthplace: Angola, N.Y. Apparatus for treating ...
  • Willis Haviland Carrier - Carrier, Willis Haviland Carrier, Willis Haviland, 1876–1950, American engineer who played a ...
  • A - C - A - C Alvar Aalto Iorwith Wilbur Abel Sir Patrick Abercrombie Henry Carter Adams Alexander Agassiz ...
  • The National Inventors Hall of Fame - The National Inventors Hall of Fame The Inventors Hall of Fame, located in Akron, Ohio, was ...
  • Selected Biographies: C - Selected biographies of well-known people and fictional characters

Premium Partner Content
HighBeam Research
Documents Images and Maps Reference
(from Newspapers, Magazines, Journals, Newswires, Transcripts and Books)

Research our extensive archive of more than 80 million articles from 6,500 publications.

Additional search results provided by HighBeam Research, LLC. © Copyright 2005. All rights reserved.

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring