Under Pachacuti, whose name means “reformer of the world,” the Incas expanded their territory from southern Peru to Quito, Ecuador. Many believe that Pachacuti designed many of the massive and ornate palaces and temples in Cuzco, the city in southern Peru that served as his capital. Pachacuti stepped down a few years before his death, and his son, Tupac, assumed the role of emperor.Died: 1471
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