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Enrollment in Educational Institutions, 1869–2005

(in thousands)

Year Public elementary and
secondary schools
Private elementary and
secondary schools1
Degree-granting institutions2
Total Pre-K
through
grade 8
Grades 9
through 12
Total Pre-K
through
grade 8
Grades 9
through 12
Total Public Private
1869–70 6,872 6,792 80 52
1879–80 9,868 9,757 110 116
1889–90 12,723 12,520 203 1,611 1,516 95 157
1899–1900 15,503 14,984 519 1,352 1,241 111 238
1909–10 17,814 16,899 915 1,558 1,441 117 355
1919–20 21,578 19,378 2,200 1,699 1,486 214 598
1929–30 25,678 21,279 4,399 2,651 2,310 341 1,101
1939–40 25,434 18,832 6,601 2,611 2,153 458 1,494 797 698
1949–50 25,111 19,387 5,725 3,380 2,708 672 2,659 1,355 1,304
Fall 1959 35,182 26,911 8,271 5,675 4,640 1,035 3,640 2,181 1,459
Fall 1969 45,550 32,513 13,037 5,5003 4,2003 1,3003 8,005 5,897 2,108
Fall 1970 45,894 32,558 13,336 5,363 4,052 1,311 8,581 6,428 2,153
Fall 1980 40,877 27,647 13,231 5,331 3,992 1,339 12,097 9,457 2,640
Fall 1985 39,422 27,034 12,388 5,557 4,195 1,362 12,247 9,479 2,768
Fall 1990 41,217 29,878 11,338 5,234 4,084 1,150 13,819 10,845 2,974
Fall 1995 44,840 32,341 12,500 5,662 4,465 1,197 14,262 11,092 3,169
Fall 1998 46,539 33,346 13,193 5,9373 4,7023 1,2353 14,507 11,138 3,369
Fall 1999 46,857 33,488 13,369 6,018 4,765 1,254 14,791 11,309 3,482
Fall 2000 47,204 33,688 13,515 6,1554 4,8684 1,2874 15,312 11,753 3,560
Fall 2001 47,688 33,938 13,734 6,3214 4,9934 1,3264 15,928 12,233 3,695
Fall 20024 48,183 34,115 14,067 6,4014 5,0424 1,3594 16,612 12,752 3,860
Fall 20034 48,541 34,202 14,338 6,319 4,935 1,384 16,900 12,857 4,043
Fall 20044 48,270 33,686 14,584 6,323 4,910 1,414 17,272 12,980 4,292
Fall 20054 48,375 33,528 14,847 6,349 4,910 1,439 17,350 13,283 4,068
NOTE: Elementary and secondary enrollment excludes home-schooled children. Based on the National Household Education Survey, there were approximately 850,000 home-schooled children in spring 1999.
1. Beginning in fall 1980, data include estimates for an expanded universe of private schools. Direct comparisons with earlier years should be avoided.
2. Two- and four-year institutions eligible to participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs.
3. Estimated.
4. Projected.
Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics 2007.

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School Enrollment and Educational Attainment Percent of Population Enrolled in School, 2006

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