Healthy Heart I.Q.—Questions
- The risk factors for heart disease that you can do something about are: high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, smoking, obesity, and physical inactivity.
- A stroke is often the first symptom of high blood pressure, and a heart attack is often the first symptom of high blood cholesterol.
- A blood pressure greater than or equal to 140/90 mm Hg is generally considered to be high.
- High blood pressure affects the same number of blacks as it does whites.
- The best ways to treat and control high blood pressure are to control your weight, exercise, eat less salt (sodium), restrict your intake of alcohol, and take your high-blood-pressure medicine, if prescribed by your doctor.
- A blood cholesterol of 240 mg/dL is desirable for adults.
- The most effective dietary way to lower the level of your blood cholesterol is to eat foods low in cholesterol.
- Lowering blood cholesterol levels can help people who have already had a heart attack.
- Only children from families at high risk of heart disease need to have their blood cholesterol levels checked.
- Smoking is a major risk factor for four of the five leading causes of death including heart attack, stroke, cancer, and lung diseases such as emphysema and bronchitis.
- If you have had a heart attack, quitting smoking can help reduce your chances of having a second attack.
- Someone who has smoked for 30 to 40 years probably will not be able to quit smoking.
- The best way to lose weight is to increase physical activity and eat fewer calories.
- Heart disease is the leading killer of men and women in the United States.