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Holy Roman Empire: Emperors

  • Charlemagne (Charles I), emperor of the West (800–814), Carolingian king of the Franks (768–814)
  • Charles II, emperor of the West (875–77) and king of the West Franks (843–77)
  • Otto I, Holy Roman emperor (962–73) and German king (936–73)
  • Otto II, Holy Roman emperor (973–83) and German king (961–83)
  • Otto III, Holy Roman emperor (996–1002) and German king (983–1002)
  • Henry II, Holy Roman emperor (1014–24) and German king (1002–24), last of the Saxon line
  • Conrad II, Holy Roman emperor (1027–39) and German king (1024–39), first of the Salian dynasty of the Holy Roman Empire
  • Henry III, Holy Roman emperor (1046–56) and German king (1039–56)
  • Henry IV, Holy Roman emperor (1084–1105) and German king (1056–1105)
  • Henry V, Holy Roman emperor (1111–25) and German king (1105–25)
  • Lothair II, also called Lothair III, Holy Roman emperor (1133–37) and German king (1125–37)
  • Frederick I, Holy Roman emperor (1155–90) and German king (1152–90)
  • Henry VI, Holy Roman emperor (1191–97) and German king (1190–97)
  • Constance, Holy Roman empress, wife of Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI
  • Otto IV, Holy Roman emperor (1209–15) and German king (1208–15)
  • Frederick II, Holy Roman emperor (1220–50) and German king (1212–20), king of Sicily (1197–1250), and king of Jerusalem (1229–50)
  • Henry VII, Holy Roman emperor (1312–13) and German king (1308–13)
  • Louis IV, Holy Roman emperor (1328–47) and German king (1314–47), duke of Upper Bavaria
  • Charles IV, Holy Roman emperor (1355–78), German king (1347–78), and king of Bohemia (1346–78)
  • Wenceslaus, Holy Roman emperor (uncrowned) and German king (1378–1400), king of Bohemia (1378–1419) as Wenceslaus IV, elector of Brandenburg (1373–76)
  • Sigismund, Holy Roman emperor (1433–37), German king (1410–37), king of Hungary (1387–1437) and of Bohemia (1419–37), elector of Brandenburg (1376–1415)
  • Frederick III, Holy Roman emperor (1452–93) and German king (1440–93)
  • Maximilian I, Holy Roman emperor and German king (1493–1519)
  • Charles V, Holy Roman emperor (1519–58) and, as Charles I, king of Spain (1516–56)
  • Ferdinand I, Holy Roman emperor (1558–64), king of Bohemia (1526–64) and of Hungary (1526–64)
  • Maximilian II, Holy Roman emperor (1564–76), king of Bohemia (1562–76) and of Hungary (1563–76)
  • Rudolf II, Holy Roman emperor (1576–1612), king of Bohemia (1575–1611) and of Hungary (1572–1608)
  • Matthias, Holy Roman emperor (1612–19), king of Bohemia (1611–17) and of Hungary (1608–18)
  • Ferdinand II, Holy Roman emperor (1619–37), king of Bohemia (1617–37) and of Hungary (1618–37)
  • Ferdinand III, Holy Roman emperor (1637–57), king of Hungary (1626–57) and of Bohemia (1627–57)
  • Leopold I, Holy Roman emperor (1658–1705), king of Bohemia (1656–1705) and of Hungary (1655–1705)
  • Joseph I, Holy Roman emperor (1705–11), king of Hungary (1687–1711) and of Bohemia (1705–11)
  • Charles VI, Holy Roman emperor (1711–40), king of Bohemia (1711–40) and, as Charles III, king of Hungary (1712–40)
  • Charles VII, Holy Roman emperor (1742–45) and, as Charles Albert, elector of Bavaria (1726–45)
  • Francis I, Holy Roman emperor (1745–65), duke of Lorraine (1729–37) as Francis Stephen, grand duke of Tuscany (1737–65)
  • Joseph II, Holy Roman emperor (1765–90), king of Bohemia and Hungary (1780–90)
  • Leopold II, Holy Roman emperor (1790–92), king of Bohemia and Hungary (1790–92), as Leopold I grand duke of Tuscany (1765–90)
  • Francis II, last Holy Roman emperor (1792–1806), first emperor of Austria as Francis I (1804–35), king of Bohemia and of Hungary (1792–1835)

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