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Africa: Rulers

Congo: Rulers

  • Theophile Theodore Joseph Antoine Baron Wahis, governor-general of the Belgian Congo (1900–12)
  • Felix Alexandre Fuch, governor-general of the Belgian Congo (1912–16)
  • Eugene Joseph Marie Henry, governor-general of the Belgian Congo (1916–21)
  • Maurice Eugene Auguste Lippens, governor-general of the Belgian Congo (1921–23)
  • Martin Joseph Marie René Rutten, governor-general of the Belgian Congo (1923–27)
  • Auguste Constant Tilkens, governor-general of the Belgian Congo (1927–34)
  • Pierre Marie Joseph Ryckmans, governor-general of the Belgian Congo (1934–46)
  • Eugène Jacques Pierre Louis Jungers, governor-general of the Belgian Congo (1946–51)
  • Léon Antoine Marie Petillon, governor-general of the Belgian Congo (1951–58)
  • Henri Arthur Adolf Marie Christopher Cornelis, governor-general of the Belgian Congo (1958–60)
  • Patrice Emergy Lumumba, prime minister of the Republic of the Congo (1960)
  • Moise Tshombe, president of Katanga (1960–61), prime minister of the Republic of the Congo (1964–65)
  • Joseph Kasavubu, president of the Republic of the Congo (1960–65)
  • Mobutu Sese Seko, president of Zaïre (1965–97)
  • Laurent Kabila, president of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (1997–2001)
  • Joseph Kabila, son of Laurent, president of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (2001–)

Morocco: Rulers

  • Yakub I, ruler of Morocco (1184–99) and Moorish Spain.
  • Ismail, sultan of Morocco (1672–1727)
  • Abd ar-Rahman, sultan of Morocco (1822–59)
  • Hassan, sultan of Morocco (1873–94)
  • Abd al-Aziz IV, sultan of Morocco (1894–1908)
  • Abd al-Hafiz, sultan of Morocco (1908–12)
  • Yusuf, sultan of Morocco (1912–27)
  • Muhammad V, sultan of Morocco (1927–53, 1955–57), king of Morocco (1957–61)
  • Muhammad VI, sultan of Morocco (1953–55)
  • Council of Throne Guardians (1955)
  • Hassan II, king of Morocco (1961–1999)
  • Muhammad VI, king of Morocco (1999–)

South Africa: Rulers

  • Sir John Henry Brand, South African politician, president of the Orange Free State (1864–71)
  • Stephanus Johannes Paulus Krüger, president of Transvaal (1883–1902)
  • Martinus Theunis Steyn, last president (1896–1900) of the Orange Free State
  • Hamilton John Goold-Adams, governor of the Orange Free State (1901–02, 1907–10)
  • Sir Alfred Milner, governor of Cape Colony (1897–1901), governor of Orange River Colony, Orange Free State (1902–05), governor of Transvaal (1902)
  • Sir John Gordon Sprigg, premier of Cape Colony (1900–04)
  • Sir Walter Francis Hely-Hutchinson, governor of Natal (1893–1901), governor of Cape Colony (1901–09)
  • Sir Henry Edward McCallum, governor of Natal (1901–07)
  • Leander Starr Jameson, premier of Cape Colony (1904–08)
  • William Waldegrave Palmer, Earl of Selborne, governor of the Orange Free State (1905–07), governor of Transvaal (1906–10)
  • Sir Matthew Nathan, governor of Natal (1907–10)
  • John Xavier Merriman, premier of Cape Colony (1908–10)
  • Paul Sandford, Baron Methuen of Corsham, governor of Natal (1910)
  • Herbert John Gladstone, Viscount Gladstone, governor-general of South Africa (1910–14)
  • Louis Botha, prime minister of South Africa (1910–19)
  • Sydney Charles Buxton, Viscount Buxton, governor-general of South Africa (1914–20)
  • Jan Christian Smuts, prime minister of South Africa (1919–24, 1939–48
  • Arthur Frederick Patrick Albert, Duke of Connaught, governor-general of South Africa (1920–24)
  • Alexander, Earl of Athlone, governor-general of South Africa (1924–31)
  • James Hertzog, prime minister of South Africa (1924–39)
  • George Herbert Hyde Villiers, Earl of Clarendon, governor-general of South Africa (1931–37)
  • Sir Patrick Duncan, governor-general of South Africa (1937–43)
  • Nicolaas Jacobus de Wet, acting governor-general of South Africa (1943–46)
  • Gideon Brand van Zyl, governor-general of South Africa (1946–51)
  • Daniel F. Malan, prime minister of South Africa, (1948–54)
  • Ernest George Jansen, governor-general of South Africa (1951–59)
  • Johannes G. Strijdom, prime minister of South Africa (1954–58)
  • Charles Robberts Swart, governor-general of South Africa (1959–61), president of South Africa (1961–67)
  • Hendrik F. Verwoerd, prime minister of South Africa (1958–66)
  • Jozua François Naudé, acting president of South Africa (1967–68)
  • Jacobus Johannes Fouché, president of South Africa (1968–75)
  • Nicolaas J. Diederichs, president of South Africa (1975–78)
  • Marais Viljoen, president of South Africa (1978, 1979–84)
  • B. J. Vorster, prime minister of South Africa (1966–78), governor-general of South Africa (1978–79)
  • Pieter Willem Botha, prime minister of South Africa (1978–84), governor-general of South Africa (1984–89)
  • J. Christian Heunis, acting president of South Africa (1989)
  • Frederik Willem de Klerk, South African president (1989–94)
  • Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, South African president (1994–1999)
  • Thabo Mbeki, South African president (1999–)

Selected Rulers from Other African Nations

(alphabetical by last name)


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