Walter H. Brattain

Born: 1902
Birthplace: Amoy, China

Transistor—Bardeen, Shockley and Brattain shared the 1956 Nobel Prize for Physics for the invention of the transistor. The transistor replaced the vacuum tube and paved the way for the integrated circuit. (1974)

Died: 1987

Willard Boyle The National Inventors Hall of Fame Rachel Fuller Brown