William Bradford Shockley

Born: 1910
Birthplace: London, England

Transistor—Bardeen, Shockley and Brattain shared the 1956 Nobel Prize for Physics for the invention of the transistor. The transistor replaced the vacuum tube and paved the way for the integrated circuit. (1974)

Died: 1989

Patsy O. ShermanThe National Inventors Hall of FameChristopher L. Sholes