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John Bardeen

Born: 1908
Birthplace: Madison, Wisconsin

Transistor—Bardeen, Shockley and Brattain shared the 1956 Nobel Prize for Physics for the invention of the transistor. The transistor replaced the vacuum tube and paved the way for the integrated circuit. (1974)

Died: 1991

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Frederick BantingThe National Inventors Hall of FameC. Donald Bateman

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