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Weekly Earnings of Union-Affiliated Workers by Occupation, 1998–1999

  1999 1998
  Total Members
of Unions1
Represented
by Unions2
Non-Union Total Members
of Unions1
Represented
by Unions2
Non-Union
Occupation                
Managerial and professional
 specialty
$797 $826 $819 $792 $759 $789 $774 $756
 Executive, administrative, and
  managerial
792 823 829 789 755 801 789 753
 Professional specialty 800 826 817 794 763 787 772 759
Technical, sales, and administrative
 support
488 583 580 477 477 575 569 463
 Technicians and related support 618 714 711 608 599 708 688 590
 Sales occupations 523 513 519 523 502 496 492 502
 Administrative support, including
  clerical
447 574 564 429 438 563 558 418
Service occupations 336 536 529 314 327 557 542 305
 Protective service 592 737 728 477 598 736 732 450
 Service, except protective
  service
311 412 409 303 305 403 402 295
Precision production, craft, and
 repair
594 755 747 546 572 753 747 514
Operators, fabricators, and laborers 429 591 584 398 415 585 580 381
 Machine operators, assemblers,
  and inspectors
423 572 566 394 406 559 556 375
 Transportation and material
  moving occupations
513 668 657 478 510 655 644 468
 Handlers, equipment cleaners,
  helpers, and laborers
363 507 499 340 351 514 514 326
Farming, forestry, and fishing 331 512 514 322 302 471 462 299
Industry                
Private wage and salary workers 521 633 627 510 505 625 619 493
Agriculture 340 (3) (3) 337 315 (3) (3) 314
Nonagricultural industries 525 634 628 513 509 626 620 496
 Mining 734 710 731 735 684 733 723 673
 Construction 552 778 772 509 534 790 783 496
 Manufacturing 576 614 611 561 551 606 603 532
  Durable goods 594 628 625 584 581 629 625 566
  Nondurable goods 529 584 579 518 507 565 562 495
 Transportation and public utilities 651 748 742 613 624 731 724 586
  Transportation 596 727 718 551 570 704 695 519
  Communications and public
   utilities
751 773 770 738 727 763 760 699
 Wholesale and retail trade 421 499 492 418 410 480 476 405
  Wholesale trade 573 584 570 573 562 611 604 557
  Retail trade 391 472 463 387 373 442 439 369
 Finance, insurance, and
  real estate
598 582 587 599 577 545 554 578
 Services 517 554 563 515 498 540 548 494
Government workers 641 714 709 585 620 694 688 558
 Federal 729 721 723 737 694 690 693 696
 State 615 683 677 578 596 646 638 563
 Local 623 726 720 525 612 712 702 501
NOTE: Median weekly earnings of full-time workers 16 years and older. Data refer to the sole or principal job of full-time workers. Excluded are self-employed workers regardless of whether or not their businesses are incorporated. Beginning in January 1999, data reflect revised population controls used in the household survey.
1. Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
2. Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union as well as workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.
3. Data not shown where base is less than 50,000.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Bureau of Labor Statistics. Web: www.bls.gov/news.release/union2.t04.htm .

Union Participation by Occupation and Industry Labor Unions