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Immigrants to U.S. by Country of Origin

Figures are totals, not annual averages, and were tabulated as follows: 1820–1867, alien passengers arrived; 1868–1891 and 1895–1897, immigrant aliens arrived; 1892–1894 and 1898 to present, immigrant aliens admitted. From 1989 totals include legalized immigrants. (Data before 1906 relate to country whence alien came; 1906–1980, to country of last permanent residence; 1981 to present data based on country of birth.)

Countries 19961820–1996 1981–90 1971–80 1961–70 1951–60 1941–50 1820–1940
Europe:
 Albania1
4,00712,230 479 329 98 59 85 2,040
 Austria2 5542,664,7284,636 9,478 20,621 67,106 24,860 2,534,617
 Belgium 651212,8945,706 5,329 9,192 18,575 12,189 158,205
 Bulgaria3 2,06678,0292,342 1,188 619 104 375 65,856
 Former Czechoslovakia1 1,389156,84811,500 6,023 3,273 918 8,347 120,013
 Denmark 608374,287 5,380 4,439 9,201 10,984 5,393 335,025
 Estonia1 280 2,254137 91 163 185 212 506
 Finland1 60240,3153,265 2,868 4,192 4,925 2,503 19,593
 France 3,079795,25923,124 25,069 45,237 51,121 38,809 594,998
 Germany2 6,7487,105,30170,111 74,414 190,796 477,765 226,578 6,021,951
 Greece 1,452704,67929,130 92,369 85,969 47,608 8,973 430,608
 Hungary2 1,183167,8719,764 6,550 5,401 36,637 3,469 1,609,158
 Ireland 1,7314,780,89132,823 11,490 32,966 48,362 14,789 4,580,557
 Italy 2,5015,353,21332,894 129,368 214,111 185,491 57,661 4,719,223
 Latvia1 736 6,603359 207 510 352 361 1,192
 Lithuania1 1,0807,967482 248 562 242 683 2,201
 Luxembourg1 323,284234 307 556 684 820 565
 Netherlands 1,423382,10911,958 10,492 30,606 52,277 14,860 253,759
 Norway4 354756,4483,901 3,941 15,484 22,935 10,100 697,095
 Poland5 8,481743,37697,390 37,234 53,539 9,985 7,571 414,755
 Portugal 3,766518,753 40,020 101,710 76,065 19,588 7,423 256,044
 Romania6 5,198246,65739,963 12,393 2,531 1,039 1,076 156,945
 Spain 1,591 289,61115,698 39,141 44,659 7,894 2,898 170,123
 Sweden4 1,0981,398,57810,211 6,531 17,116 21,697 10,665 1,325,208
 Switzerland 677 362,7927,076 8,235 18,453 17,675 10,547 295,680
 United Kingdom 13,6575,197,150142,123 137,374 213,822 202,824 139,306 4,266,561
 Former U.S.S.R.7 2,5883,749,77784,081 38,961 2,465 671 571 3,343,361
 Former Yugoslavia3 2,011 158,54019,182 30,540 20,381 8,225 1,576 56,787
 Other Europe 3,60565,8752,661 4,049 4,904 9,799 3,447 36,060
Total Europe
 
147,58136,410,452705,630 800,368 1,123,492 1,325,727 621,147 32,468,776
Asia:
 China8
25,106 1,232,740388,686 124,326 34,764 9,657 16,709 382,173
 India 44,859703,339261,841 164,134 27,189 1,973 1,761 9,873
 Israel 3,126152,47336,353 37,713 29,602 25,476 476
 Japan9 6,011498,33343,248 49,775 39,988 46,250 1,555 277,591
 Turkey 3,657425,60120,843 13,399 10,142 3,519 798 361,236
 Other Asia 207,4135,010,2822,042,025 1,198,831 285,957 66,374 15,729 44,053
Total Asia10
 
268,248 8,000,8442,066,455 1,588,178 427,642 153,249 37,028 1,074,926
America:
 Canada and
  Newfoundland11
15,8254,348,541119,204 169,939 413,310 377,952 171,718 3,005,728
 Central America 44,2891,153,217458,753 134,640 101,330 44,751 21,665 49,154
 Mexico12 163,5725,246,3921,653,250 640,294 453,937 299,811 60,589 778,255
 South America 61,7691,588,408455,977 295,741 257,954 91,628 21,831 121,302
 West Indies 116,8013,372,716892,392 741,126 470,213 123,091 49,725 446,971
 Other America12 51117,5741,352 995 19,630 59,711 29,276 56
Total America
 
340,54015,945,0813,580,928 1,982,735 1,716,374 996,944 354,804 4,401,466
Africa 52,889561,569192,212 80,779 28,954 14,092 7,367 26,060
Australia and
 New Zealand
2,750160,87020,169 23,788 19,562 11,506 13,805 54,437
Pacific Islands13 63,03421,041 17,454 5,560 1,470 746 11,089
Countries not
 specified14
5272,254196 12 93 12,491 142 253,689
Total all countries605,793 61,207,884 7,338,062 4,493,314 3,321,677 2,515,479 1,035,039 38,290,443
1. Countries established since beginning of World War I are included with countries to which they belonged.
2. Data for Austria-Hungary not reported until 1861. Austria and Hungary recorded separately after 1905, Austria included with Germany 1938–45.
3. Bulgaria, Serbia, Montenegro first reported in 1899. Bulgaria reported separately since 1920. In 1920, separate enumeration for Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, Slovenes; since 1922, recorded as Yugoslavia.
4. Norway included with Sweden 1820–68.
5. Included with Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia 1899–1919.
6. No record of immigration until 1880.
7. From 1931–63, the U.S.S.R. was broken down into European U.S.S.R. and Asian U.S.S.R. Since 1964, total U.S.S.R. has been reported in Europe.
8. Beginning in 1957, China includes Taiwan.
9. No record of immigration until 1861.
10. From 1934, Asia included Philippines; before 1934, recorded in separate tables as insular travel.
11. Includes all British North American possessions, 1820–98.
12. No record of immigration, 1886–93.
13. Included with “Countries not specified” prior to 1925.
14. Includes 32,897 persons returning in 1906 to their homes in U.S.
NOTE: Data are latest available.
Source: Department of Justice, Immigration and Naturalization Service.

Information Please® Database, © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Foreign-Born Population in the U.S.: 1850–1930, 1960–1990, 2004ImmigrationCountries of Birth of the Foreign-Born Population, 1850–2000

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