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Major Universities Founded Before 1900

Nalanda (India)c. 4th century B.C.
Salerno9th century
Al-Azhar (Cairo)c. 988
Bologna12th century
Parisc. 1155
Oxford1167
Vicenza1204
Cambridge1209
Palencia1214
Salamanca1218
Padua1222
Naples1224
Toulouse1229
Salamanca1243
Rome1244
Siena1247
Piacenza1248
Sorbonne1253
Montpellier1289
Lisbon (later Coimbra)1290
Complutense1293
Avignon1303
Orleans1305
Perugia1308
Grenoble1339
Pisa1343
Prague1348
Cracow1364
Vienna1364
Erfurt1379
Heidelberg1385
Ferra1391
Wurzburg1402
Leipzig1409
St. Andrews1411
Turin1412
Louvain1426
Bordeaux1441
Barcelona1450
Trier1450
Glasgow1451
Freiburg im Breisgau1455
Ingolstadt1459
Basel1460
Nantes1463
Bourges1465
Ofen1475
Tubingen1477
Uppsala1477
Copenhagen1479
Aberdeen1494
Valencia1501
Wittenberg1502
Seville1505
Marburg1527
Granada1533
Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino (Universidad Autónoma de Santo Domingo)1538
Konigsberg1544
Messina1548
National University of Mexico1551
National University of San Marcos de Lima1551
National University of Bogota (Columbia)1573
Bern1574
Oviedo1574
Leyden1575
Warsaw1576
Vilna1578
Edinburgh1582
Graz1586
Trinity College (Dublin)1591
Giessen1607
National University of Cordoba (Argentina)1613
Groningen1614
National University of Bolivia1621
Strasbourg1621
Madrid1623
Salzburg1623
Utrecht1634
Budapest1635
Harvard College1636
Bamberg1648
Durham1657
Kiel1665
San Carlos University of Guatemala1676
Innsbruck1677
Halle1693
William and Mary1693
Saint John's College1696
Yale College1701
Breslau1702
Dijon1722
Central University of Caracas1725
Central University of Havana1728
Gottingen1734
Central University of Chile1738
University of Pennsylvania1740
Erlangen1742
College of New Jersey (Princeton)1746
King's College (Columbia, 1784)1754
Moscow1755
Brown University1764
Queen's College (Rutger's University, 1825)1766
Central University of Ecuador1769
Dartmouth College1769
University of Malta1769
Munster1771
Dickinson College1773
Zagreb1776
Palermo1779
University of Georgia1785
Franklin and Marshall College1787
University of Pittsburgh1787
Georgetown University1789
University of Vermont1791
Hamilton-Oneida Academy (Hamilton College, 1812)1793
Williams College1793
Bowdoin College1794
University of Tennessee1794
Union College1795
University of North Carolina1795
Middlebury College1800
Oslo1801
University of South Carolina1801
United States Military Academy1802
Kazan1804
Kharkov1804
Ohio University1804
University of Maryland1807
Lyons1808
Miami University (Ohio)1809
Berlin1810
National University of Nicaragua1811
Colby College1813
Ghent1816
Liege1817
University of Michigan1817
Bonn1818
Saint Louis University1818
Colgate University1819
Norwich University1819
St. Petersburg1819
University of Cincinnati1819
University of Virginia1819
Indiana University1820
Amherst College1821
McGill University1821
University of Buenos Aires1821
Hobart College1822
Trinity College (Hartford)1823
Kenyon College1824
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute1824
Lafayette College1826
Western Reserve University1826
University of Toronto1827
London1828
Denison University1831
New York University1831
University of Alabama1831
Wesleyan University1831
Kiev1832
Zurich1832
Haverford College1833
National University of the Republic (Montevideo)1833
Oberlin College1833
Brussels1834
Tulane University1834
Wheaton College1834
Emory University1836
Athens1837
Indiana Asbury University (DePauw University, 1883)1837
Knox College1837
Mount Holyoke College1837
Boston University1839
University of Missouri1839
Bethany College1840
Dalhousie University1841
Fordham University1841
Ohio Wesleyan University1842
University of Notre Dame1842
Holy Cross College1843
University of Delaware1843
Baylor College1845
United States Naval Academy1845
Beloit College1846
Bucknell College1846
Grinnell College1846
University of Buffalo1846
Lawrence College1847
State University of Iowa1847
University of Mississippi1848
University of Wisconsin1849
Manchester1850
University of Dayton1850
University of Rochester1850
University of Utah1850
Bates College1855
Michigan State1855
Pennsylvania State University1855
Jassy1860
Belgrade1864
Bucharest1864
Cornell1865
Massachusetts Institute of Technology1865
Odessa1865
University of California1869
Geneva1876
Texas A&M 1876
Amsterdam1877
Stockholm1878
Liverpool1881
University of Texas1883
Gothenburg1887
Sofia1888
Clemson1889
Lausanne1891
Stanford1891
Wales1893
Marseilles1896
Nancy1896
Birmingham1900

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