More Facts & Figures
National name: Republika Srbija
Languages: Serbian (official); Romanian, Hungarian, Slovak, and Croatian (all official in Vojvodina)
Ethnicity/race: Serb 82.9%, Hungarian 3.9%, Romany 1.4%, Yugoslavs 1.1%, Bosniaks 1.8%, Montenegrin 0.9%, other 8% (2002)
Religions: Serbian Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Muslim, Protestant
Literacy rate: 96.9% (2010 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $79.88 billion; per capita $10,800. Real growth rate: 1.8%. Inflation: 6.3%. Unemployment: 17.2%. Arable land: n.a. Agriculture: wheat, maize, sugar beets, sunflower, raspberries, beef, pork, milk. Labor force: 3.25 million; agriculture 23.9%, industry 20.5%, services 55.6% (2009). Industries:base metals, furniture, food processing, machinery, chemicals, sugar, tires, clothes, pharmaceutical. Natural resources: oil, gas, coal, iron ore, copper, zinc, antimony, chromite, gold, silver, magnesium, pyrite, limestone, marble, salt, arable land. Exports: $11.78 billion (2011 est.): iron and steel, rubber, clothes, wheat, fruit and vegetables, nonferrous metals, electric appliances, metal products, weapons and ammunition. Imports: $19.45 billion (2011).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 3.11 million (2009); mobile cellular: 9.915 million (2009). Internet hosts: 1.102 million (2010) Internet users: 4.107 million (2009).
Transportation: Railways: total: 3,379 km (2010). Highways: total: 41,913 km; paved: 26,007 km, unpaved: 15,906 km (2007). Waterways: 587 km; primarily on Danube and Sava rivers (2009). Airports: 30 (2012).
International disputes: Serbia with several other states protest the U.S. and other states' recognition of Kosovo's declaring itself as a sovereign and independent state in February 2008; ethnic Serbian municipalities along Kosovo's northern border challenge final status of Kosovo-Serbia boundary; several thousand NATO-led KFOR peacekeepers under UNMIK authority continue to keep the peace within Kosovo between the ethnic Albanian majority and the Serb minority in Kosovo; Serbia delimited about half of the boundary with Bosnia and Herzegovina, but sections along the Drina River remain in dispute.