More Facts & Figures
National name: República Portuguesa
Languages: Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official, but locally used)
Ethnicity/race: homogeneous Mediterranean stock; less than 100,000 citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization; East Europeans have entered since 1990
Religions: Religion Roman Catholic 84.5%, other Christian 2.2%, other 0.3%, unknown 9%, none 3.9% (2001 census)
Literacy rate: 93% (2003 est.).
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $247 billion; per capita $23,200. Real growth rate: -2.2%. Inflation: 3.2%. Unemployment: 12.7%. Arable land: 17.3%. Agriculture: grain, potatoes, tomatoes, olives, grapes; sheep, cattle, goats, swine, poultry, dairy products; fish. Labor force: 5.58 million (2010 est.); services 59.8%, industry 22.9%, agriculture 11.7% (2009 est.). Industries: textiles and footwear; wood pulp, paper, and cork; metals and metalworking; oil refining; chemicals; fish canning; rubber and plastic products; ceramics; electronics and communications equipment; rail transportation equipment; aerospace equipment; ship construction and refurbishment; wine; tourism. Natural resources: fish, forests (cork), tungsten, iron ore, uranium ore, marble, arable land, hydropower. Exports: $55.8 billion (2011 est.): agricultural products, food products, wine, oil products, chemical products, plastics and rubber, hides, leather, wood and cork, wood pulp and paper, textile materials, clothing, footwear, machinery and tools. Imports: $76.0 billion (2011 est.): agricultural products, chemical products, vehicles and other transport material, optical and precision instruments, computer accessories and parts, semiconductors and related devices. Major trading partners: Spain, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands (2009).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 4.485 million (2009); mobile cellular: 15.195 million (2009). Radio broadcast stations: 300. Television broadcast stations: 40. Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 3.664 million (2010). Internet users: 5.168 million (2009).
Transportation: Railways: total: 3,319 km (2010). Highways: total: 82,900 km; paved: 71,294 km; unpaved: 11,606 km (2004). Waterways: 210 km (on Douro River from Porto) (2011). Ports and harbors: Aveiro, Funchal (Madeira Islands), Horta (Azores), Leixoes, Lisbon, Porto, Ponta Delgada (Azores), Praia da Vitoria (Azores), Setubal, Viana do Castelo. Airports: 65 (2012).
International disputes: Portugal has periodically reasserted claims to territories around the town of Olivenza, Spain.