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French Guiana (including Inini)

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Language: French

Ethnicity/race: black or mulatto 66%, white 12%, East Indian, Chinese, Amerindian 12%, other 10%

Religion: Roman Catholic

Literacy rate: 83% (1982 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2003 est.): $1.551 billion; per capita $8,300. Real growth rate: n.a. Inflation: 1.5% (2002 est.). Unemployment: 22% (2001). Arable land: 0.14%. Agriculture: corn, rice, manioc (tapioca), sugar, cocoa, vegetables, bananas; cattle, pigs, poultry. Labor force: 58,800 (1997); services, government, and commerce 60.6%, industry 21.2%, agriculture 18.2% (1980). Industries: construction, shrimp processing, forestry products, rum, gold mining. Natural resources: bauxite, timber, gold (widely scattered), cinnabar, kaolin, fish. Exports: $155 million (f.o.b., 2002 est.): shrimp, timber, gold, rum, rosewood essence, clothing. Imports: $625 million (c.i.f., 2002 est.): food (grains, processed meat), machinery and transport equipment, fuels and chemicals. Major trading partners: France, Switzerland, U.S., Trinidad and Tobago, Italy (2004).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 51,000 (2001); mobile cellular: 138,200 (2002. Radio broadcast stations: AM 2, FM 14 (including 6 repeaters), shortwave 6 (including 5 repeaters) (1998). Television broadcast stations: 3 (plus eight low-power repeaters) (1997). Internet hosts: n.a. Internet users: 3,200 (2002).

Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 817 km; paved: n.a.; unpaved: n.a. (1998). Waterways: 3,760 km; note: 460 km navigable by small oceangoing vessels and coastal and river steamers, 3,300 km by native craft (2004). Ports and harbors: Degrad des Cannes. Airports: 11 2004 est.).

International disputes: Suriname claims area between Riviere Litani and Riviere Marouini (both headwaters of the Lawa) in French Guiana.

Major sources and definitions

French Overseas Departments Guadeloupe