More Facts & Figures
National name: Jumhouriyya Djibouti
Languages: French and Arabic (both official), Somali, Afar
Ethnicity/race: Somali 60%, Afar 35%, other 5% (includes French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian)
National Holiday: Independence Day, June 27
Religions: Islam 94%, Christian 6%
Literacy rate: 67.9% (2011 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $2.244 billion; per capita $2,600. Real growth rate: n.a.%. Inflation: 7%. Unemployment: 59% in urban areas, 83% in rural areas (2011 est.). Arable land: 0.04%. Agriculture: fruits, vegetables; goats, sheep, camels, animal hides. Labor force: 351,700 (2011). Industries: construction, agricultural processing, salt. Natural resources: geothermal areas, gold, clay, granite, limestone, marble, salt, diatomite, gypsum, pumice, petroleum. Exports: 80.4 million (2011 est.): reexports, hides and skins, coffee (in transit). Imports: $471.3 million f.o.b. (2011): foods, beverages, transport equipment, chemicals, petroleum products. Major trading partners: Somalia, Yemen, Ethiopia, Saudi Arabia, India, China (2006).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 18,500 (2011); mobile cellular: 165,600 (2011). Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 2, shortwave 0 (2001). Television broadcast stations: 1 (2002). Internet hosts: 209 (2011). Internet users: 25,900 (2011).
Transportation: Railways: total: 100 km (Djibouti segment of the Addis Ababa-Djibouti railroad) (2011). Highways: total: 3,065 km; (2011 est.). Waterways: none. Ports and harbors: Djibouti. Airports: 13 (2011).
International disputes: Djibouti maintains economic ties and border accords with "Somaliland" leadership while maintaining some political ties to various factions in Somalia; although most of the 26,000 Somali refugees in Djibouti who fled civil unrest in the early 1990s have returned, several thousand still await repatriation in UNHCR camps.