Cameroon Becomes an Independent Republic
France set up Cameroon as an autonomous state in
1957, and the next year its legislative assembly voted for independence by
1960. In 1959 a fully autonomous government of Cameroon was formed under
Ahmadou Ahidjo. Cameroon became an independent republic on Jan. 1, 1960.
In 1961 the southern part of the British territory joined the new Federal
Republic of Cameroon and the northern section voted for unification with
Nigeria. The president of Cameroon since independence, Ahmadou Ahidjo was
replaced in 1982 by the prime minister, Paul Biya. Both administrations
have been authoritarian.
With the expansion of oil, timber, and coffee
exports, the economy has continued to improve, although corruption is
prevalent, and environmental degradation remains a concern. In June 2000
the World Bank agreed to provide more than $200 million to build a $3.7
billion pipeline connecting the oil fields in neighboring Chad with the
Cameroon coast. In Aug. 2006 Nigeria turned over the disputed oil-rich
Bakassi peninsula to Cameroon—Nigeria had been resisting the World
Court ruling since 2002.
U.S. State Dept. Country Notes:
Fact Monster/Information Please®
Database, © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
24 X 7
||24 x 7 Tutor Availability
||Unlimited Online Tutoring