| Share
 

Election of 1876

In the election of 1876 Samuel J. Tilden, the Democratic candidate, received a popular majority but lacked one undisputed electoral vote to carry a clear majority of the electoral college. The crux of the problem was in the 22 electoral votes which were in dispute because Florida, Louisiana, South Carolina, and Oregon each sent in two sets of election returns. In the three southern states, Republican election boards threw out enough Democratic votes to certify the Republican candidate, Rutherford B. Hayes. In Oregon, the Democratic governor disqualified a Republican elector, replacing him with a Democrat. Since the Senate was Republican and the House of Representatives Democratic, it seemed useless to refer the disputed returns to the two houses for solution. Instead Congress appointed an Electoral Commission with five representatives each from the Senate, the House, and the Supreme Court. All but one Justice was named, giving the Commission seven Republican and seven Democratic members. The naming of the fifth Justice was left to the other four. He was a Republican who first favored Tilden but, under pressure from his party, switched to Hayes, ensuring his election by the Commission voting 8 to 7 on party lines. The Democrats in Congress were outraged and threatened to block the decision until Republicans privately agreed to a number of concessions, including the removal of federal troops from the South, which effectively ended Reconstruction. As a result, Hayes was elected president in what became known as the Compromise of 1877.


Information Please® Database, © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Election of 1872Unusual Voting Results

More on Election of 1876 from Infoplease:

  • Rutherford Birchard Hayes - Hayes, Rutherford Birchard Hayes, Rutherford Birchard, 1822–93, 19th President of the United ...
  • Charles de Freycinet - Freycinet, Charles de Freycinet, Charles de , 1828–1923, French statesman. A mining engineer, ...
  • Marie Edmé Patrice de MacMahon - MacMahon, Marie Edmé Patrice de MacMahon, Marie Edmé Patrice de , 1808–93, ...
  • Samuel Jones Tilden - Tilden, Samuel Jones Tilden, Samuel Jones, 1814–86, American political figure, Democratic ...
  • Samuel Jackson Randall - Randall, Samuel Jackson Randall, Samuel Jackson, 1828–90, American politician, b. ...

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring