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U.S. Population by State, 1790 to 2012

The following table lists the population of each state in the United States, from the year 1790 to 2012. From 2000 to 2010, Nevada grew the fastest, followed by Arizona, Utah, Idaho and Texas. Louisiana, Ohio, and Rhode Island had the slowest increase in population. Michigan was the only state to experience a population decline over the decade, losing 0.6% of its population.

State 2012
pop.
2010
pop.
July 2004
pop.
2000 pop. 1990 pop. 1950 pop. 1900 pop. 1790 pop.
Alabama 4,822,023 4,779,735 4,530,182 4,447,100 4,040,587 3,061,743 1,828,697
Alaska 731,449 710,231 655,435 626,932 550,043 128,643 63,592
Arizona 6,553,255 6,329,013 5,743,834 5,130,632 3,665,228 749,587 122,931
Arkansas 2,949,131 2,915,921 2,752,629 2,673,400 2,350,725 1,909,511 1,311,564
California 38,041,430 37,253,956 35,893,799 33,871,648 29,760,021 10,586,223 1,485,053
Colorado 5,187,582 5,029,196 4,601,403 4,301,261 3,294,394 1,325,089 539,700
Connecticut 3,590,347 3,574,097 3,503,604 3,405,565 3,287,116 2,007,280 908,420 237,946
Delaware 917,092 897,934 830,364 783,600 666,168 318,085 184,735 59,096
DC 632,323 601,723 553,523 572,059 606,900 802,178 278,718
Florida 19,317,568 18,801,311 17,397,161 15,982,378 12,937,926 2,771,305 528,542
Georgia 9,919,945 9,687,653 8,829,383 8,186,453 6,478,216 3,444,578 2,216,331 82,548
Hawaii 1,392,313 1,360,301 1,262,840 1,211,537 1,108,229 499,794 154,001
Idaho 1,595,728 1,567,582 1,393,262 1,293,953 1,006,749 588,637 161,772
Illinois 12,875,255 12,830,632 12,713,634 12,419,293 11,430,602 8,712,176 4,821,550
Indiana 6,537,334 6,483,800 6,237,569 6,080,485 5,544,159 3,934,224 2,516,462
Iowa 3,074,186 3,046,350 2,954,451 2,926,324 2,776,755 2,621,073 2,231,853
Kansas 2,885,905 2,853,118 2,735,502 2,688,418 2,477,574 1,905,299 1,470,495
Kentucky 4,380,415 4,339,362 4,145,922 4,041,769 3,685,296 2,944,806 2,147,174 73,677
Louisiana 4,601,893 4,533,372 4,515,770 4,468,976 4,219,973 2,683,516 1,381,625
Maine 1,329,192 1,328,361 1,317,253 1,274,923 1,227,928 913,774 694,466 96,540
Maryland 5,884,563 5,773,552 5,558,058 5,296,486 4,781,468 2,343,001 1,188,044 319,728
Massachusetts 6,646,144 6,547,629 6,416,505 6,349,097 6,016,425 4,690,514 2,805,346 378,787
Michigan 9,883,360 9,883,635 10,112,620 9,938,444 9,295,297 6,371,766 2,420,982
Minnesota 5,379,139 5,303,925 5,100,958 4,919,479 4,375,099 2,982,483 1,751,394
Mississippi 2,984,926 2,967,297 2,902,966 2,844,658 2,573,216 2,178,914 1,551,270
Missouri 6,021,988 5,988,927 5,754,618 5,595,211 5,117,073 3,954,653 3,106,665
Montana 1,005,141 989,415 926,865 902,195 799,065 591,024 243,329
Nebraska 1,855,525 1,826,341 1,747,214 1,711,263 1,578,385 1,325,510 1,066,300
Nevada 2,758,931 2,700,551 2,334,771 1,998,257 1,201,833 160,083 42,335
New Hampshire 1,320,718 1,316,472 1,299,500 1,235,786 1,109,252 533,242 411,588 141,885
New Jersey 8,864,590 8,791,894 8,698,879 8,414,350 7,730,188 4,835,329 1,883,669 184,139
New Mexico 2,085,538 2,059,180 1,903,289 1,819,046 1,515,069 681,187 195,310
New York 19,570,261 19,378,104 19,227,088 18,976,457 17,990,455 14,830,192 7,268,894 340,120
North Carolina 9,752,073 9,535,475 8,541,221 8,049,313 6,628,637 4,061,929 1,893,810 393,751
North Dakota 699,628 672,591 634,366 642,200 638,800 619,636 319,146
Ohio 11,544,225 11,536,502 11,459,011 11,353,140 10,847,115 7,946,627 4,157,545
Oklahoma 3,814,820 3,751,354 3,523,553 3,450,654 3,145,585 2,233,351 790,3912
Oregon 3,899,353 3,831,074 3,594,586 3,421,399 2,842,321 1,521,341 413,536
Pennsylvania 12,763,536 12,702,379 12,406,292 12,281,054 11,881,643 10,498,012 6,302,115 434,373
Rhode Island 1,050,292 1,052,567 1,080,632 1,048,319 1,003,464 791,896 428,556 68,825
South Carolina 4,723,723 4,625,364 4,198,068 4,012,012 3,486,703 2,117,027 1,340,316 249,073
South Dakota 833,354 814,180 770,883 754,844 696,004 652,740 401,570
Tennessee 6,456,243 6,346,110 5,900,962 5,689,283 4,877,185 3,291,718 2,020,616 35,691
Texas 26,059,203 25,145,561 79.6 20,851,820 16,986,510 7,711,194 3,048,710
Utah 2,855,287 2,763,885 2,389,039 2,233,169 1,722,850 688,862 276,749
Vermont 626,011 625,741 621,394 608,827 562,758 377,747 343,641 85,425
Virginia 8,185,867 8,001,024 7,459,827 7,078,515 6,187,358 3,318,680 1,854,184 747,6103
Washington 6,897,012 6,724,540 6,203,788 5,894,121 4,866,692 2,378,963 518,103
West Virginia 1,855,413 1,852,996 1,815,354 1,808,344 1,793,477 2,005,552 958,800
Wisconsin 5,726,398 5,686,986 5,509,026 5,363,675 4,891,769 3,434,575 2,069,042
Wyoming 576,412 563,626 506,529 493,782 453,588 290,529 92,531
Total U.S. 313,914,040 308,745,538 292,936,109 281,421,906
248,709,873
152,271,417 76,212,168 3,929,214
1. Estimated.
2. Includes population of Indian Territory, 1900: 392,960.
3. Until 1863, Virginia included what is now West Virginia.
Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census. Web: www.census.gov.

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