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Colonial Population Estimates

The table below shows the population of Colonial America, from 1610 to 1780. The figures cover the years before the establishment of the U.S. Census in 1790.

(in round numbers)

Year Population
1610 350
1620 2,300
1630 4,600
1640 26,600
1650 50,400
1660 75,100
1670 111,900
1680 151,500
1690 210,400
1700 250,900
1710 331,700
1720 466,200
1730 629,400
1740 905,600
1750 1,170,800
1760 1,593,600
1770 2,148,100
1780 2,780,400
Total U.S. Population Population U.S. Population by Region, 1990–2005