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A Profile of the World, 2014

Geography

  • Age: 4.55 billion years old.
  • Total area: 510.072 million sq km (196.940 million sq mi). Land area: 148.94 million sq km (57.506 million sq mi). Water area: 361.132 million sq km (139.434 million sq mi). Coastline: 356,000 km (221,208 mi). Note: 70.9% of the world is water, 29.1% is land.
  • Land boundaries: 251,060 km (156,262.58 mi.), not counting shared boundaries twice.
  • Climate: Two large areas of polar climates are separated by two rather narrow temperate zones from a wide equatorial band of tropical to subtropical climates.
  • Terrain: Highest elevation is Mt. Everest at 8,850 m (29,035 ft) and lowest land depression is the Dead Sea at –411 m (–1,349 ft) below sea level. The greatest ocean depth is the Mariana Trench at –10,924 m (–35,840 ft) in the Pacific Ocean.
  • Land use: Arable land: 10.43%. Permanent crops: 1.15%. Other: 88.42%(2011 est.). Irrigated land: 3,096,621.45 sq km.

See also Atlas of the World.

People

  • Population: 7,174,611,584 (July 2014 est.).
  • Growth rate: 1.064% (2014 est.).
  • Birth rate: 18.7 births/1,000 population (2014 est.).
  • Death rate: 7.89 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.).
  • Sex ratio (at birth): 1.07 males/females (2014 est.).
  • Infant mortality rate: 36.58 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.).
  • Life expectancy at birth: Total population: 68.35 years. Male: 66.39 years. Female: 70.43 years (2014 est.).
  • Total fertility rate: 2.43 children born per woman (2014 est.).
  • Literacy: Age 15 and over who can read and write (2010 est.). Total population: 84.1%. Male: 88.6%. Female: 79.7% NOTE: Almost three-quarters of the world's 775 million illiterate adults are found in only ten countries (in descending order: India, China, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nigeria, Ethiopia, Egypt, Brazil, Indonesia, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo); of all the illiterate adults in the world, two-thirds are women; extremely low literacy rates are concentrated in South and West Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa (2010 est.)

Government and Economy

  • Political divisions: 195 sovereign nations, 72 dependent areas, and 6 disputed territories.
  • GWP/PPP: $74.31 trillion (2013 est.).
  • GWP—real growth rate: 2.9% (2013 est.).
  • GWP/PPP—per capita: $13,100 (2013 est.).
  • GWP composition: agriculture 6%, industry 30.7%, services 63.4% (2012 est.).
  • Inflation rate (consumer price index): world average 3.9% (2013 est.); developed countries: 1.5%; developing countries: 5.6% (2013 est.).
  • Unemployment rate: 8.4% (2013 est.).
  • Exports: $18.71 trillion (2013 est.).
  • Imports: $18.36 trillion (2013 est.).
  • External debt: $72.97 trillion (2013 est.)

Source: The World Factbook, 2014

Information Please® Database, © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

General World Statistics Global Political, Economic, and Social Facts

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