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A Profile of the World, 2013

Geography

  • Age: 4.55 billion years old.
  • Total area: 510.072 million sq km (196.940 million sq mi). Land area: 148.94 million sq km (57.506 million sq mi). Water area: 361.132 million sq km (139.434 million sq mi). Coastline: 356,000 km (221,208 mi). Note: 70.9% of the world is water, 29.1% is land.
  • Land boundaries: 251,060 km (156,262.58 mi.), not counting shared boundaries twice.
  • Climate: Two large areas of polar climates are separated by two rather narrow temperate zones from a wide equatorial band of tropical to subtropical climates.
  • Terrain: Highest elevation is Mt. Everest at 8,850 m (29,035 ft) and lowest land depression is the Dead Sea at –411 m (–1,349 ft) below sea level. The greatest ocean depth is the Mariana Trench at –10,924 m (–35,840 ft) in the Pacific Ocean.
  • Land use: Arable land: 10.43%. Permanent crops: 1.15%. Other: 88.42%(2011 est.). Irrigated land: 3,096,621.45 sq km.

See also Atlas of the World.

People

  • Population: 7,095,217,980 (July 2013 est.).
  • Growth rate: 1.095% (2013 est.).
  • Birth rate: 18.9 births/1,000 population (2013 est.).
  • Death rate: 7.9 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.).
  • Sex ratio (at birth): 1.07 males/females (2013 est.).
  • Infant mortality rate: 37.61 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.).
  • Life expectancy at birth: Total population: 68.09 years. Male: 66.09 years. Female: 70.24 years (2013 est.).
  • Total fertility rate: 2.45 children born per woman (2013 est.).
  • Literacy: Age 15 and over who can read and write (2010 est.). Total population: 84.1%. Male: 88.6%. Female: 79.7% NOTE: Almost three-quarters of the world's 775 million illiterate adults are found in only ten countries (in descending order: India, China, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nigeria, Ethiopia, Egypt, Brazil, Indonesia, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo); of all the illiterate adults in the world, two-thirds are women; extremely low literacy rates are concentrated in South and West Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa (2010 est.)

Government and Economy

  • Political divisions: 195 sovereign nations, 72 dependent areas, and 6 disputed territories.
  • Economy: In 2012, fiscal policy shifted towards greater austerity for a majority of the countries. In an attempt to attack their deficit and debt problems head-on, nearly 5 out of 6 countries slowed the rate of growth of government spending, and 1 in 3 countries actually lowered the level of their expenditures. The global growth rate for government expenditures dropped from 5.9% in 2010 and 10.1% in 2011, to just 1.4% in 2012. Roughly 1 out of 3 central banks tightened monetary policy, decelerating the rate of growth of their money supply, and about 1 out of 7 actually withdrew money from circulation. These policy choices significantly affected economic performance. The global budget deficit narrowed to roughly $2.7 trillion in 2012, or 3.8% of World GDP. But growth of the world economy slipped from 5.1% in 2010 and 3.7% in 2011, to just 3.1% in 2012. And world unemployment increased to 9.2%. Countries with expansionary fiscal and monetary policies achieved significantly higher rates of growth, lower unemployment, higher growth of tax revenues, and greater success reducing the public debt burden than those countries that chose contractionary policies. In 2012, the 85 countries that followed a pro-growth approach achieved a median GDP growth rate of 4.9%, compared to just 0.8% for the 37 countries with restrictive fiscal and monetary policies, a difference of more than 4 percentage points. Among the 85, China grew 7.8%, Indonesia 6.0%, Mexico 4.0%, Russia 3.4%, Turkey 3.0%, the United States 2.2%, and Canada 1.9%, while among the 37, Brazil grew 1.3%, Germany 0.7%, France 0.1%, Belgium -0.2%, Netherlands -0.5%, Spain -1.4%, and Italy -2.3%. The median unemployment rate for the 37 countries jumped to 11.5%, while the median for the pro-growth countries held steady at 7.3%.
  • GWP/PPP: $71.83 trillion (2012 est.).
  • GWP—real growth rate: 3% (2012 est.).
  • GWP/PPP—per capita: $12,700 (2012 est.).
  • GWP composition: agriculture 6%, industry 30.7%, services 63.4% (2012 est.).
  • Inflation rate (consumer price index): world average 4.1% (2012 est.); developed countries: 2.3%; developing countries: 5.1% (2012 est.).
  • Unemployment rate: 9% (2012 est.).
  • Exports: $18.26 trillion (2012 est.).
  • Imports: $17.84 trillion (2012 est.).
  • External debt: $72.85 trillion (2012 est.)

Source: The World Factbook, 2013

Information Please® Database, © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

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