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The Names of the Months

See also Greek and Roman Mythology

  • January: named after Janus, the god of doors and gates
  • February: named after Februalia, a time period when sacrifices were made to atone for sins
  • March: named after Mars, the god of war
  • April: from aperire, Latin for “to open” (buds)
  • May: named after Maia, the goddess of growth of plants
  • June: from junius, Latin for the goddess Juno
  • July: named after Julius Caesar in 44 B.C.
  • August: named after Augustus Caesar in 8 B.C.
  • September: from septem, Latin for “seven”
  • October: from octo, Latin for “eight”
  • November: from novem, Latin for “nine”
  • December: from decem, Latin for “ten”
NOTE: The earliest Latin calendar was a 10-month one, beginning with March; thus, September was the seventh month, October, the eighth, etc. July was originally called Quintilis, meaning fifth; August was originally called Sextilis, meaning sixth.

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Seasons, Months, DaysThe Names of the Days of the Week

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