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1600–1699 (A.D.) World History

The Revolutionary War


Pocahontas
(c. 1595–1617)
The Library of Congress Picture Collection
Galileo Galilei
Galileo
(1564–1642)
Johannes Keppler
Johannes Kepler
(1571–1630)
The Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal
The Library of Congress Picture Collection
John Milton
(1608–1674)

1600
Giordano Bruno burned as a heretic. English East India Company established.
1603
Ieyasu rules Japan, moves capital to Edo (Tokyo). Shakespeare's Hamlet.
1605
Cervantes's Don Quixote de la Mancha, the first modern novel.
1607
Jamestown, Virginia, established—first permanent English colony on American mainland. Pocahontas, daughter of Chief Powhatan, saves life of John Smith.
1609
Samuel de Champlain establishes French colony of Quebec. The Relation, the first newspaper, debuts in Germany.
1610
Galileo sees the moons of Jupiter through his telescope.
1611
Gustavus Adolphus elected King of Sweden. King James Version of the Bible published in England. Rubens paints his Descent from the Cross.
1614
John Napier discovers logarithms.
1618
Start of the Thirty Years' War > Protestants revolt against Catholic oppression; Denmark, Sweden, and France will invade Germany in later phases of war. Kepler proposes last of three laws of planetary motion.
1619
A Dutch ship brings the first African slaves to British North America.
1620
Pilgrims, after three-month voyage in Mayflower, land at Plymouth Rock. Francis Bacon's Novum Organum.
1623
New Netherland founded by Dutch West India Company.
1630
Massachusetts Bay Colony.
1632
Maryland founded by Lord Baltimore.
1633
Inquisition forces Galileo (astronomer) to recant his belief in Copernican theory.
1642
English Civil War. Cavaliers, supporters of Charles I, against Roundheads, parliamentary forces. Oliver Cromwell defeats Royalists (1646). Parliament demands reforms. Charles I offers concessions, brought to trial (1648), beheaded (1649). Cromwell becomes Lord Protector (1653). Rembrandt paints his Night Watch.
1643
Taj Mahal completed.
1644
End of Ming Dynasty in China—Manchus come to power. Descartes's Principles of Philosophy.
1648
End of the Thirty Years' War. German population about half of what it was in 1618 because of war and pestilence.
1658
Cromwell dies; son Richard resigns and Puritan government collapses.
1660
English Parliament calls for the restoration of the monarchy; invites Charles II to return from France.
1661
Charles II is crowned King of England. Louis XIV begins personal rule as absolute monarch; starts to build Versailles.
1664
British take New Amsterdam from the Dutch. English limit “Nonconformity” with reestablished Anglican Church. Isaac Newton's experiments with gravity.
1665
Great Plague in London kills 75,000.
1666
Great Fire of London. Molière's Misanthrope.
1667
Milton's Paradise Lost, widely considered the greatest epic poem in English.
1682
Pennsylvania founded by William Penn.
1683
War of European powers against the Turks (to 1699). Vienna withstands three-month Turkish siege; high point of Turkish advance in Europe.
1684
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz's calculus published.
1685
James II succeeds Charles II in England, calls for freedom of conscience (1687). Protestants fear restoration of Catholicism and demand “Glorious Revolution.” William of Orange invited to England and James II escapes to France (1688). William III and his wife, Mary, crowned. In France, Edict of Nantes of 1598, granting freedom of worship to Huguenots, is revoked by Louis XIV; thousands of Protestants flee.
1689
Peter the Great becomes Czar of Russia—attempts to westernize nation and build Russia as a military power. Defeats Charles XII of Sweden at Poltava (1709). Beginning of the French and Indian Wars (to 1763), campaigns in America linked to a series of wars between France and England for domination of Europe.
1690
William III of England defeats former king James II and Irish rebels at Battle of the Boyne in Ireland. John Locke's Human Understanding.

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1500–1599 (A.D.) World History1000–1899 (A.D.) World History1700–1799 (A.D.) World History

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