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People and Families in Poverty by Selected Characteristics, 2010 and 2009

 

The following table shows the percent and number of people living in poverty in the United States in 2009 and 2010. Data is broken up by race, income, region, age, nativity, and type of household.

Characteristic 2010 2009
Number (thousands) Percent1 Number (thousands) Percent1
INDIVIDUALS        
Total 46,180 15.1% 43,569 14.3%
Family status        
In families 33,007 13.2 31,197 12.5
Householder 9,221 11.7 8,792 11.1
Related children under 18 15,730 21.5 14,774 20.1
Related children under 6 6,343 25.3 5,983 23.8
In unrelated subfamilies 751 45.5 693 51.1
Reference person 274 42.6 253 48.7
Children under 18 459 49.8 423 56.6
Unrelated individual 12,422 22.9 11,678 22.0
Male 5,796 21.7 5,255 20.0
Female 6,626 24.1 6,424 24.0
Race2 and Hispanic origin
White 31,650 31.0 29,830 12.3
Non-Hispanic 19,599 9.9 18,530 9.4
Black 10,675 27.4 9,944 25.8
Asian 1,729 12.1 1,746 12.5
Hispanic3 13,243 26.6 12,350 25.3
Age        
Under 18 16,401 22.0 15,451 20.7
18–64 26,258 13.7 24,684 12.9
65 and over 3,520 9.0 3,433 8.9
Nativity        
Native 38,568 14.4 36,407 13.7
Foreign born 7,162 19.0 6,150 16.5
Naturalized citizen 1,906 11.3 1,736 10.8
Not a citizen 5,425 25.1 4,724 21.3
Region        
Northeast 6,987 12.8 6,650 12.2
Midwest 9,148 13.9 8,768 13.3
South 19,072 16.9 17,609 15.7
West 10,973 15.3 10,542 14.8
Work experience        
All workers (16 years and older) 31,382 13.1 29,625 12.4
Worked full-time, year-round. 2,608 2.6 2,641 2.7
Not full-time, year-round 8,057 15.0 8,039 14.5
Did not work at least one week 20,717 23.9 18,944 22.7
FAMILIES        
Total 8,792 11.1 9,221 11.7
Type of Family        
Married couple 3,596 6.2 3,409 5.8
Female householder, no
husband present
4,745 31.6 4,441 29.9
Male householder, no
wife present
880 15.8 942 16.9
1. Percentage of total population.
2. Data for American Indians and Alaska Natives are not shown separately.
3. Hispanics may be of any race.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States

Information Please® Database, © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

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Information Please® Database, © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

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According to the 2010 Census, Asians make up 4.8% of the U.S. population.

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