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People and Families in Poverty by Selected Characteristics, 2008 and 2007

 

The following table shows the percent and number of people living in poverty in the United States in 2007 and 2008. Data is broken up by race, income, region, age, nativity, and type of household.

Characteristic 2008 2007
Number (thousands) Percent1 Number (thousands) Percent1
INDIVIDUALS        
Total 39,829 13.2% 37,276 12.5%
Family status        
In families 28,564 11.5 26,509 10.8
Householder 8,147 10.3 7,623 9.8
Related children under 18 13,507 18.5 12,802 17.6
Related children under 6 5,295 21.3 5,101 20.8
In unrelated subfamilies 555 46 577 38.1
Reference person 207 45.7 222 36.5
Children under 18 341 47.8 332 40.5
Unrelated individual 10,710 20.8 10,189 19.7
Male 4,759 18.9 4,348 17.1
Female 5,951 22.6 5,841 22.2
Race2 and Hispanic origin
White 26,990 11.2 25,120 10.5
Non-Hispanic 17,024 8.6 16,032 8.2
Black 9,379 24.7 9,2378 24.5
Asian 1,576 11.8 1,349 10.2
Hispanic3 10,987 23.2 9,890 21.5
Age        
Under 18 14,068 19.0 13,324 18.0
18–64 22,105 11.7 20,396 10.9
65 and over 3,656 9.7 3,556 9.7
Nativity        
Native 33,293 12.6 31,126 11.9
Foreign born 6,536 17.8 6,150 16.5
Naturalized citizen 1,577 10.2 1,426 9.5
Not a citizen 4,959 23.3 4,724 21.3
Region        
Northeast 6,295 11.6 6,166 11.4
Midwest 8,120 12.4 7,237 11.1
South 15,862 14.3 15,501 14.2
West 9,552 13.5 8,372 12.0
Work experience        
All workers (16 years and older) 27,216 11.5 25,297 10.8
Worked full-time, year-round. 2,754 2.6 2,768 2.5
Not full-time, year-round 7,331 13.5 6,320 12.7
Did not work at least one week 17,131 22.0 16,208 21.5
FAMILIES        
Total 8,147 10.3 7,623 9.8
Type of Family        
Married couple 3,261 5.5 2,849 4.9
Female householder, no
husband present
4,163 28.7 4,078 28.3
Male householder, no
wife present
723 13.8 696 13.6
1. Percentage of total population.
2. Data for American Indians and Alaska Natives are not shown separately.
3. Hispanics may be of any race.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States

Information Please® Database, © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

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Information Please® Database, © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

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In 1976 47.4% of Americans were overweight or obese; by 2010, the percentage had jumped to 68.5%.

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