Zamość (zäˈmôstsyə) [key], Rus. Zamostye, town (1993 pop. 63,500),Lubelskie prov., SE Poland, on the Łabuńką River. It is a commercial center, trading mainly in agricultural products. The town's chief industries are meat processing and the manufacture of furniture and clothing. Zamość was founded in 1579 by a Polish chancellor, Jan Zamojski, who also established a college there. The town defended itself against a Cossack invasion in 1648 and against the Swedish king Charles X in 1656. The city passed to Austria in 1772 and to Russia in 1815; it reverted to Poland after World War I.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Polish Political Geography