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Yarkant

Yarkant (yärˌkäntˈ) [key] or Yarkand yärkăndˈ, river, c.500 mi (800 km) long, rising in the Karakorum range, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, NW China, and flowing northeast to join with the Aksu to form the Tarim River. The city of Shache shäˈchŏˈ or Yarkant, forms an oasis at the western end of the Taklimakan desert; it is a trade center. The city, mainly inhabited by Turkic-speaking Muslims, has more than 120 mosques. Marco Polo visited the city in 1271 and in 1275; it was on the important Silk Road between China and Europe. A treaty signed there in 1874 opened the city to trade with India.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Yarkant from Infoplease:

  • Shache - Shache Shache, city, China: see under Yarkant.
  • Taklimakan - Taklimakan Taklimakan or Takla Makan, vast sandy desert, c.125,000 sq mi (323,750 sq km), central ...
  • Karakorum, mountain range, Kashmir - Karakorum Karakorum or Karakoram,mountain range, extending c.300 mi (480 km), between the Indus and ...
  • Tarim - Tarim Tarim , Mandarin Dayan, chief river of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, NW China, c.1,300 mi ...
  • Xinjiang: Land and People - Land and People The great Altai, Tian Shan, and Kunlun mountain ranges enclose the region on the ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: East Asian Physical Geography


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