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Vermandois (vĕrmäNdwäˈ) [key], region, N France, now in Somme and Aisne depts. The region is largely agricultural (wheat, beets) but has some industry (metallurgy, textiles, rubber) located principally at Saint-Quentin, the former capital. Vermandois became an earldom under Charlemagne (9th cent.), and its lords were among the most powerful in N France. The region was annexed to the French crown (c.1200), ceded to Burgundy (1435), recovered by Louis XI (1477), and incorporated into the province of Picardy.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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