| Share


Tartus (tärtōsˈ) [key], town (1995 est. pop. 130,000), W Syria, a port on the Mediterranean Sea. Olive oil is pressed, and petroleum, phosphates, fish, and agricultural produce are shipped. The town is the terminus of an Iraqi oil pipeline. Tartus occupies the ancient site of Antaradus. In A.D. 346 it was rebuilt by Constantine and came to be known, for a time, as Constantia. The town was in Byzantine hands from 968 until 1099, when it was occupied by Crusaders, who also held the town from 1102 to 1291 and renamed it Tartosa. It became famous for the manufacture of camlets, heavy cloths made from camel or goat hair. In 1183 the Knights Templars moved there and fortified the harbor. Tartus is the site of the earliest chapel dedicated to Mary; a cathedral was built around the chapel in the 12th–13th cent.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Tartus from Infoplease:

  • Encyclopedia: Syrian Political Geography - Encyclopeadia articles concerning Syrian Political Geography.
  • Syria: Economy - Economy Syria was an overwhelmingly agricultural country until the early 1960s, when planned ...
  • Syria - Information on Syria — flag of Syria, geography, history, politics, government, economy, population statistics, culture, religion, languages, largest cities, and the national flag.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Syrian Political Geography

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring