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Schwabach (shväˈbäkh) [key], city (1994 pop. 37,307), Bavaria, S Germany. Manufactures include wire, needles, chemicals, and processed foods. Schwabach was chartered in the late 14th cent. It passed to Prussia in 1791 and to Bavaria in 1806. Noteworthy buildings include the late Gothic church (1469–95), which contains carvings by Veit Stoss and a tabernacle by Adam Kraft, and the city hall (1528). The Articles of Schwabach, drawn up in the city in 1529, were used in drafting (1530) the Augsburg Confession of the Lutheran faith. The Articles emphasized differences between Luther and Zwingli, and therefore many cities in S Germany refused to take part in the Augsburg discussions.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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