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Satu-Mare

Satu-Mare (säˈtō-mäˈrĕ) [key], Hung. Szatmárnémeti or Szatmár, city (1990 pop. 137,723), NW Romania, in Crişana-Maramureş, on the Someşul River, near the Hungarian border. The administrative, commercial, and cultural center of a fertile agricultural region, it has industries that produce mining equipment, textiles, machinery, and various consumer products. It is also an important railway junction, with connections to Hungary and Ukraine. The peace of Szatmár, negotiated there in 1711, ended the rebellion of Francis II Rakoczy. The seat of a Roman Catholic bishop, Satu-Mare has three cathedrals and an old palace. There is a large Hungarian minority.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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