Pinatubo, Mount (pĭnˌətōˈbō) [key], active volcano, 5,840 ft (1,780 m), central Luzon island, the Philippines, c.55 mi (90 km) NW of Manila. Dormant for 600 years, it began erupting on Apr. 2, 1991. Most residents had evacuated surrounding areas when Pinatubo erupted catastrophically (June 15, 1991), killing over 500 people and burying over 310 sq mi (800 sq km) under volcanic ash. As much as 2 cu mi (8 cu km) of ash was ejected in the eruption. The nearby U.S. Clark Air Force Base was devastated by the ash fall, which resulted in the base's closure. Landslides of rain-soaked volcanic ash caused further destruction in 1991 and subsequent years.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
More on Mount Pinatubo from Infoplease:
- Disasters in 2009: fires, hurricanes, crashes, tornadoes, floods - Find information about the major natural and unnatural disasters of 2009, including fires, hurricanes, tsunamis, floods, tornadoes, wild fires, plane crashes, explosions, and more.
- Floods, Avalanches, and Tidal Waves - Floods, Avalanches, and Tidal Waves 1228 Holland: 100,000 people reputedly drowned by sea flood in ...
- Philippines - Learn about the history, geography and culture of the Philippines and find statistical and demographic information.|Information on Philippines — map of the Philippines, geography, history, politics, government, economy, population statistics, culture, religion, languages, largest cities, and the national flag.
- Philippines - Philippines Profile: People, History, Government and Political Conditions, Economy, Foreign Relations