Petrozavodsk (pyĕtˌrəzəvôtskˈ) [key], city (1989 pop. 269,500), capital of Karelia, NW European Russia, a port on Lake Onega. It produces lumbering equipment and has shipyards, fish canneries, sawmills, and wood plants. Novgorodians worked the nearby iron deposits in the Middle Ages. Peter I founded a metal factory in 1703 at Petrozavodsk, whose name translates as "Peter's plant." The city has a university that was founded in 1940.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
More on Petrozavodsk from Infoplease:
- Petrozavodsk: meaning and definitions - Petrozavodsk: Definition and Pronunciation
- Karelian Autonomous Republic: meaning and definitions - Karelian Autonomous Republic: Definition and Pronunciation
- Lake Onega - Onega, Lake Onega, Lake, Finnish Aäninen, Rus. Onezhskoye Ozero, lake, c.3,800 sq mi (9,800 sq ...
- Karelia - Karelia Karelia , constituent republic (1990 pop. 800,000), 66,409 sq mi (172,300 sq km), NW ...
- Encyclopedia: CIS and Baltic Political Geography - Encyclopeadia articles concerning CIS and Baltic Political Geography.