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Petropavlovsk (pyĕtrəpävˈləfsk) [key] or Petropavlovsk-Kamchatski pyĕtrəpävˈləfsk, kəmchätˈskē, city (1989 pop. 269,000), capital of Kamchatka Territory, Russian Far East. It is a major port and naval base on the Northern Sea Route, and there are shipyards and lumber mills. Free of ice seven months of the year, it is the base for a large fishing fleet. Bering founded the port in 1740. During the Crimean War, there were attacks on the port by French and British naval units.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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