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Penza (pyĕnˈzə) [key], city (1991 est. pop. 551,000), capital of Penza region, S central European Russia, on the Sura River. It is a large railroad junction and the center of an extensive and fertile black-earth district. There are machine, engineering, paper, and food-processing industries. Founded in 1666 as a fortress, Penza was occupied by Stenka Razin in 1670, by the Tatars in 1717, and by Pugachev in 1774. Before the Bolshevik revolution, Penza was a major agricultural trading center. A hilltop city, it has since spread to the lowlands around the Sura.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Penza from Infoplease:

  • Penza: meaning and definitions - Penza: Definition and Pronunciation
  • Suggestions for spelling of encyclopedia/penza - The Infoplease spelling checker combines spelling help with our dictionary and thesaurus
  • Khoper - Khoper Khoper , river, c.625 mi (1,010 km) long, S European Russia. It rises SW of Penza and flows ...
  • Sura - Sura Sura , river, c.540 mi (870 km) long, rising E of Penza, S central European Russia. It flows ...
  • Moksha - Moksha Moksha , river, c.375 mi (600 km) long, rising NW of Penza, central European Russia, and ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: CIS and Baltic Political Geography

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