| Share


Osijek (ōˈsēyĕk) [key], Ger. Esseg, Hung. Eszék, city (2011 pop. 108,048), in Croatia, on the Drava River. The chief city of the historic region of Slavonia, it is a river port and industrial center. Textiles, leather goods, soap, and agricultural machinery are among its industrial products. Osijek grew around a castle built in 1091 on the site of the Roman colony and fortress of Mursa. It became an early episcopal see and was under Turkish rule from 1526 to 1687. It was later part of Austria-Hungary and passed to Yugoslavia in 1918. Osijek was the scene of fighting between Croats and Serbs in the early 1990s after Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Osijek from Infoplease:

  • Drava - Drava Drava or Drave, Ger. Drau, Hung. Dráva, river, c.450 mi (720 km) long, rising in the ...
  • Slavonia - Slavonia Slavonia , Croatian Slavonija, historic region, part of Croatia. It is a fertile ...
  • Encyclopedia: Former Yugoslavian Political Geography - Encyclopeadia articles concerning Former Yugoslavian Political Geography.
  • Croatia - Learn about the history, geography and culture of Croatia and find statistical and demographic information.|Information on Croatia — geography, history, politics, government, economy, population statistics, culture, religion, languages, largest cities, as well as a map and the national flag.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Former Yugoslavian Political Geography

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring