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Oranienburg (ōräˈnyənbŏrkh) [key], city (1994 pop. 28,320), Brandenburg, NE Germany, on the Havel River. It is a center of a fruit-growing region. Manufactures include chemicals and steel products. Oranienburg was the site of one of the earliest concentration camps (est. 1933) set up by the National Socialist (Nazi) regime.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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