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Matruh (mätrōˈ) [key], town (1986 pop. 43,157), NW Egypt, near the Mediterranean Sea. Built at the site of the Roman town of Paraetonium, it is located on the coast road and is on a railway that links small ports. There are petroleum and oil fields in Matruh's outlying region. During World War II several battles between German and British forces were fought nearby.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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