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Marchfeld (märkhˈfĕltˌ) [key], plain, NE Austria, NE of Vienna, between the Danube and the Morava (Ger. March ) rivers, on the border of Slovakia. A strategic approach to Vienna, it was the site of several important battles. In 1260, Ottocar II of Bohemia defeated Bela IV of Hungary on the Marchfeld, and in 1278, Ottocar was defeated and slain by the forces of Rudolf I of the house of Hapsburg. In 1809, Napoleon I was defeated on the Marchfeld at Aspern by Archduke Charles, but was victorious at Wagram.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Marchfeld from Infoplease:

  • Wagram - Wagram Wagram or Deutsch-Wagram, town, Lower Austria prov., NE Austria, in the Marchfeld, near ...
  • Styria - Styria Styria , Ger. Steiermark, province (1991 pop. 1,184,593), 6,324 sq mi (16,379 sq km), ...
  • Hapsburg: Rise to Power - Rise to Power The family, which can be traced to the 10th cent., originally held lands in Alsace ...
  • Rudolf I - Rudolf I Rudolf I or Rudolf of Hapsburg, 1218–91, German king (1273–91), first king of ...
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See more Encyclopedia articles on: Central European Physical Geography

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