|  Share | Cite


Mahajanga (mäˌhäjängˈgä) [key], formerly Majunga mäjōngˈgä, city (1993 pop. 100,807), NW Madagascar, on the Mozambique Channel. Despite its shallow harbor, Mahajanga is one of the nation's chief ports. The Betsiboka River valley provides access to the interior. Mahajanga has food processing, cement, and sisal processing industries. Mahajanga has a fishing industry and coffee, rice, sugar, and sisal are grown. The city was the capital of the Sakalava kingdom, which flourished in the 18th cent. France occupied Mahajanga from 1883 to 1885 and retook it in 1894. The city experienced major immigration from Comoros until riots (1976–77) resulted in the immigrants' deportation.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Mahajanga from Infoplease:

  • Majunga - Majunga: Majunga: see Mahajanga.
  • Madagascar: Economy - Economy The economy of Madagascar is overwhelmingly agricultural, largely of a subsistence type; ...
  • Encyclopedia: Madagascar Political Geography - Encyclopeadia articles concerning Madagascar Political Geography.
  • Madagascar: Land and People - Land and People Madagascar is made up of a highland plateau fringed by a lowland coastal strip, ...
  • Madagascar - Learn about the history, geography and culture of Madagascar and find statistical and demographic information.|Information on Madagascar — geography, history, politics, government, economy, population statistics, culture, religion, languages, largest cities, as well as a map and the national flag.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Madagascar Political Geography