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Magadan (məgədänˈ) [key], city (1989 pop. 152,000), capital of Magadan region, Russian Far East, a port on the Sea of Okhotsk. It has shipyards, canning factories, and a major airport. A highway leads from Magadan to the gold-mining region on the upper Kolyma River. During the Stalin era, it was a major transit center for prisoners being sent to labor camps.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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