| Share
 

Longyearbyen

Longyearbyen (lôngˈyērbüˌən) [key], town and administrative center of Svalbard, on Isfjorden, Spitsbergen island. It was founded (1905) as a coal-mining settlement by an American company and named after the American miner J. M. Longyear. Its coal mines were transferred to a Norwegian company in 1916. The town was destroyed (Sept., 1943) by German battleships but was quickly rebuilt; coal mining remains important to the economy. The Svalbard International Seed Vault, a seed bank designed as a global backup storage facility, is inside a mountain near the town.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Longyearbyen from Infoplease:

  • Isfjorden - Isfjorden Isfjorden [Ice Fjord], inlet of the Greenland Sea and largest fjord of Spitsbergen ...
  • Spitsbergen - Spitsbergen Spitsbergen , formerly Vestspitsbergen,largest island (15,075 sq mi/39,044 sq km) of ...
  • Svalbard: Land and People - Land and People The islands form plateaus intersected by deep fjords, of which Isfjorden is the ...
  • Dependencies of Norway - Read about the geography, population, and characteristics of Norway's dependencies, which include Svalbard, Bouvet Island, and Jan Mayen Island.
  • Encyclopedia: Scandinavian Political Geography - Encyclopeadia articles concerning Scandinavian Political Geography.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Scandinavian Political Geography


Premium Partner Content
HighBeam Research
Documents Images and Maps Reference
(from Newspapers, Magazines, Journals, Newswires, Transcripts and Books)

Research our extensive archive of more than 80 million articles from 6,500 publications.

Additional search results provided by HighBeam Research, LLC. © Copyright 2005. All rights reserved.

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring