|  Share | Cite

La Plata

La Plata (lä pläˈtä) [key], city (1991 pop. 640,344), capital of Buenos Aires prov., E central Argentina, 5 mi (8.1 km) inland from Ensenada, its port on the Río de la Plata. La Plata's chief function is that of provincial capital, but industrial growth has been steady, and large quantities of processed food, chemicals, and steel are produced. Although the proximity of Buenos Aires has to some extent checked its development, La Plata is also a major cultural center, with fine museums and colleges and a national university. The national naval academy is located in nearby Ensenada. The city was founded in 1882, after Buenos Aires was federalized as the national capital. During the dictatorship of Juan Perón (1946–55), both city and province were renamed Eva Perón, in honor of his wife. The name La Plata was restored when Perón's regime was overthrown (1955).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on La Plata from Infoplease:

  • Río de la Plata - Plata, Río de la Plata, Río de la , estuary, c.170 mi (270 km) long, SE South ...
  • La Plata: meaning and definitions - La Plata: Definition and Pronunciation
  • Plata: meaning and definitions - Plata: Definition and Pronunciation
  • Río de La Plata - La Plata, Río de: La Plata, Río de: see Plata, Río de la.
  • Uruguay - Learn about the history, geography and culture of Uruguay and find statistical and demographic information.|Information on Uruguay — geography, history, politics, government, economy, population statistics, culture, religion, languages, largest cities, as well as a map and the national flag.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: South American Political Geography