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Kirovohrad (kēˌrəvəhrädˈ) [key], Rus. Kirovograd, city (1989 pop. 269,000), capital of Kirovohrad region, Ukraine, on the Inhul River. It is an agricultural trade center, with a large farm machinery plant. Other industries include food processing and the manufacture of agricultural machinery. Founded as a fortress in 1754, it was named Yelisavetgrad for Empress Elizabeth. Between 1881 and 1919 it was the scene of several pogroms. It was renamed Zinovievsk in 1924, Kirovo in 1936, and Kirovograd (Kirovohrad) in 1939.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Kirovohrad from Infoplease:

  • Elizavetgrad - Elizavetgrad: Elizavetgrad: see Kirovohrad.
  • Inhul - Inhul Inhul , Rus. Ingul, river, in Ukraine. Rising N of Kirovohrad, it flows south c.210 mi (340 ...
  • Inhulets - Inhulets Inhulets , Rus. Ingulets, river, c.340 mi (550 km) long, in Ukraine. Rising in the ...
  • Zinovievsk - Zinovievsk: Zinovievsk: see Kirovohrad, Ukraine.
  • Yelisavetgrad - Yelisavetgrad: Yelisavetgrad: see Kirovohrad, Ukraine.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: CIS and Baltic Political Geography

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