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Khudjand

Khudjand,  Khujand, or Khudzhand (khōdˈjänd) [key], city (1991 pop. 164,500), capital of Leninobod region, in Tajikistan, on the Syr Darya River at its exit from the Fergana Valley. It is a major center for silk production; other industries produce clothing, footwear, and food products. Khudjand, located on an ancient caravan route from China to the Mediterranean, was a famous town marking the farthest expansion of Alexander the Great. There he founded a new fortress called Alexandria Eskhat (the Outermost Alexandria). It was plundered (711) by Arabs forces and later (1220) was razed by Jenghiz Khan. As part of the Kokand khanate (early 19th cent.), it was annexed (1866) by Russia. The city and surrounding area belonged to Uzbekistan from 1924 to 1929. From 1936 to 1992 it was known as Leninabad. It is one of the oldest centers of Tajik decorative and applied arts.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Khudjand from Infoplease:

  • Leninabad - Leninabad: Leninabad: see Khudjand, Tajikistan.
  • Khodzhent - Khodzhent: Khodzhent: see Khudjand, Tajikistan.
  • Syr Darya - Syr Darya Syr Darya or Syrdarya, ancient Jaxartes or Yaxartes, Pers. Sihun, river, c.1,380 mi ...
  • Khujand - Khujand Khujand, Tajikistan: see Khudjand.
  • Tajikistan: Land and People - Land and People Parts of the Pamir and Trans-Alai mt. systems are in the east, and the highest ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: CIS and Baltic Political Geography


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